The global growth in the flow of patients and health professionals as well medical technology has given rise to a new pattern of consumption and production of healthcare services over recent decades. A significant new element of a growing trend in healthcare has involved the movement of patients across borders in pursuit of medical treatment and health: a phenomenon commonly termed “medical tourism”.
There are three main reasons for why patients travel to seek medical care. The first reason is access to higher quality care. The second is lower costs. The last reason is quick access. For many procedures there can be a long waitlist to receive the required medical attention.
Patients in some African countries travel frequently for these reasons and in most instances, they travel abroad.